Heena kauser
M. Tech Scholar, Dept. of Dairy chemistry, 
DSC, KVAFSU, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
M. V. Sc. Scholar, Dept.Veterinary
 and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, 
VC, KVAFSU, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
MdTahsin Ashraf
Ph.D (FMPE), SVCAET & RS, IGKV, Raipur

The practise of integrated farming is a cultivation method that integrates two or more farm lands of crop production, focusing on the reprocessing natural resources development progression, and has been linked of feedback between cooperative goods and services, with a relatively low source uptake strategy. It is carried out on the ground by utilising agricultural waste, animal waste, and fish waste with the goal of increasing efficiency and lowering costs. The advancement of an improved farming system includes the use of a variety of applications aimed at profit, in accordance with regional economic goals, and in order to improve welfare programmes. It has the potential to be a solution to a variety of local economic problems. Crop and livestock integration systems can increase the use of family labour while decreasing usage.

IFS Components
All agriculture-related enterprises, such as agriculture, mushroom cultivation, fish farming, horticulture, sericulture, duck rearing, seed production, feed mill, vegetable production, fodder production, poultry, rabbitry, azolla farming, value addition, seed production, nursery, goat/sheep rearing, diary, apiary, and pigeon rearing, are important components of an integrated farming system

IFS have four main goals:
  • In order to maintain a consistent and stable income, the yields of all component enterprises must be maximised.
  • Renewed/improved system productivity to achieve agro-ecological balance.
  • Natural crop management can be used to control the spread of insect pests, pathogens, and weeds.
  • If harmful agro-chemicals and pesticides are used less frequently, it is possible to produce environmentally friendly, pollution-free food and produce

The Benefits of an Integrated Farming System:
  • Increased farm productivity leads to increased economic yield per unit area per time.
  • Lower production costs due to waste recycling lead to increased profitability.
  • More economically important components are being integrated and/or incorporated into farm production, resulting in increased sustainability.
  • The integration of different farm components provides an opportunity to solve the malnutrition problem by producing a variety of food products.
  • Organic food production is permitted in IFS.
  • Farmers have easy access to a wide variety of foods.
  • Recycling farm wastes for production aids in waste management and prevents pollution of the environment.
  • The cash flow to farmers throughout the year in an integrated farming system allows resource-poor farmers to establish themselves in society.
  • Chemical fertiliser application can be reduced by recycling organic waste, which also improves soil health.
  • Biogas production can meet household energy needs through IFS, preventing energy crises from worsening.
  • Fodder crises for livestock can be alleviated to some extent by incorporating fodder/pasture/tree species into the farming system.
  • The silvi-component serves as a source of fuel and timber in the system.
  • Increased timber production relieves pressure on forest resources.
  • Diversity in components, rather than monoculture, may provide more opportunities for year-round farm labour employment, as well as opportunities for the expansion of agri-oriented industries.
  • In general, IFS benefits farmers by raising their standard of living and thus advancing their socioeconomic status.