Sanjeev Gurjar (Department of Agricultural Statistics)
Rajesh Kumar Ekka (Department of Entomology)
College of Agriculture and Research station, Katghora (C.G.)

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has the vision of assured irrigation access; “HarKhetKoPani” and improving on farm water use efficiency; “More Crop Per Drop” in a focused manner with an “Integrated Value Chain” approach encompassing source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.

Major objectives of the scheme are
  • Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level
  • Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet Ko Pani)
  • Integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use, to make best use of water through appropriate technologies and practices
  • Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage and increase availability both in duration and extent
  • Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop)
  • Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices
  • Ensure the integrated development of rain-fed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of ground water, arresting runoff, providing livelihood options and other NRM activities
  • Promote extension activities relating to water harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field functionaries
  • Attract greater private investments in irrigation

Strategies and key focus areas
Creation of a comprehensive irrigation supply chain under PMKSY comprises of the following strategies and key focus areas:

  • Creation of new water sources
  • Developing or augmenting irrigation sources
  • Promoting scientific moisture conservation
  • Promoting efficient water conveyance and field application within the farm
  • Encouraging community irrigation through registered usergroups
  • Farmer oriented awareness creation and capacity building activities
Components & Convergence
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) Objective of AIBP component of PMKSY is to expedite the implementation of ongoing major and medium irrigation projects, including national projects. Details on the mode of disbursement, pre requisites for proposal submission, guidelines of AIBP.

Irrigation capacities created under AIBP must translate into utilization through Command Area Development works and creation of new water sources. Focusing on expanding cultivable area under assured irrigation, “HarKhetKoPani” component is funded through the ongoing Command Area Development & Water Management (CADWM) program. The component is implemented by the States through the Department that implements AIBP, in general.

Per Drop More Crop 
“Per Drop More Crop”, an integral component of PMKSY focuses on maximizing water use efficiency at the farm level. Major activities under Per Drop More Crop can be categorized into “Micro Irrigation” including Drip, Sprinkler, Micro Sprinklers etc and “Supplementary Water Management Activities (SWMA)/ Other Interventions”. SWMA activities include farm level secondary storage structures Per Drop More Crop Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) HarKhetKoPani Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) PMKSY Development Role Manual – Pradhan MantriKrishiSinchayeeYojana (PMKSY) 3 such as individual or community water storage, Drought proofing structures such as water harvesting or recharge or ground water development, renovation of existing water bodies, enhancing water conveyance efficiency and water lifting devices. Pattern of assistance to beneficiaries under the component will be 55% for small and marginal farmers and 45% for other farmers. Funding pattern is 60% from the Central Government and 40% from the State. For North East and Himalayan States, the cost share is 90: 10 from the Centre and State. For UTs, the programme is funded 100% by the Central Government.

Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) 
IWMP is being implemented as per Common Guidelines for Watershed Development Projects 2008, revised in 2011. Unit cost for watershed development is Rs. 12,000 per ha in plains and Rs. 15,000 per ha in difficult/ hilly areas. Funding pattern is 60% from the Central Government and 40% from the State Government.